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BIBLE

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In-text citations

                                                         OVERVIEW

Below are instructions on how to reference the Bible and its books.

BIBLE VERSIONS

Which version of the Bible you are using must be cited by their appropriate acronym.

English Bible

The Orthodox Study Bible is the recommended version for use in assignments. Please note that different acronyms are used for the Old Testament and New Testament sections. The proper acronym for the Old Testament version is SAAS (St Athanasius Academy Septuagint), and for the New Testament version it is NKJV (New King James Version). The acronym LXX is commonly used for the Septuagint and can be used in assignments, just indicate which version is being accessed in a footnote when LXX is first used (e.g., SAAS).

In cases were there is a difference between the corresponding titles, chapters and/or verses of the Greek and Hebrew versions of Old Testament books, the Septuagint (LXX) reference should be followed with the Masoretic Text’s (MT) equivalent in brackets, e.g., Ps 118:97 LXX (119:97 MT).

Greek New Testament

There are several versions you can use. Some of the most common are: 

Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graecum, 28th edition. Use the acronym” NA28. 

The United Bible Societies’, The Greek New Testament, 5th edition. Use the acronym UBS5. T

The Novum Testamentum Graecum Editio Critica Maior. Use the acronym ECM.
 

IN-TEXT CITATIONS

Unlike other works, Biblical references should be inserted in the sentence where the cited material has been used (aka, in the paragraph, not as a footnote). These references should be located at the end of the section of the sentence in which the allusion to the work appears and be placed before the punctuation mark; aka, before the comma (,) or period (.). 

You must indicate which version of the Bible is being used in the first Biblical reference in your work by their appropriate acronym. There is no need to state the Bible version in following references unless a different version is being referred, in which case it should be made clear which version of the Bible is being referred to by using the acronyms for the versions. 

Biblical references undertake the following format: 

Abbreviated book title Book Number:Verse(s) Number(s) Acronym of Bible Version.

Examples

Gen 2:4–8 LXX; Matt 13:16, 18, 21 NKJV; 1 Cor 4:11–5:3.

“Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God” (Matt 4:4 NKJV).

The prophet Jeremiah warns against the idols of other gods (Jer 10:1–12 LXX).

The burning bush that appears to Moses in Exodus (3:1–4:17 LXX).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

The Bible does not need to appear in your bibliography unless you are quoting sections of the work outside of Biblical references. In the later case, follow the format outlined for books.

Old Testament 

Gen

Genesis

WSol

Wisdom of Solomon

Exod

Exodus

Sir

Wisdom of Sirach

Lev

Leviticus

Hos

Hosea

Num

Numbers

Amos

Amos

Deut

Deuteronomy

Mic

Micah

Josh

Joshua

Joel 

Joel

Judg

Judges

Obad

Obadiah

Ruth

Ruth

Jon

Jonah

1-2 King (= MT 1-2 Sam) 

Kingdoms/ Samuel

Nah

Nahum

3-4 King (= MT 1-2 Kgs) 

Kingdoms/ Kings

Hub

Hubakkuk

Neh

Nehemiah

Zech

Zephaniah

Tob

Tobet

Mal

Malachi

Jdt

Judith

Isa

Esth

Esther

Jer

Jeremiah

1-3 Macc

Maccabees

Bar

Baruch

Ps(s)

Psalms

Lam

Job

Job

Ejer

Epistle of Jeremiah

Prov

Proverbs of Solomon

Ezek

Ezekiel

Eccles

Ecclesiastes

Dan (Susun = Susanna, may be cited separately)

Daniel

Cant

Canticle of Canticles / Songs of Solomon / Song of Songs

ABBREVIATIONS

Isaiah

Lamentations of Jeremiah

New Testament

Matt

Matthew

1-2 Thess

Thessalonians

Mark

Mark

1-2 Tim

Timothy

Luke

Luke

Tit

Titus

John

John

Phm

Philemon

Acts

Acts

Heb

Hebrews

Rom

Romans

Jas

James

1-2 Cor

Corinthians

1-2 Pet

Peter

Gal

Galatians

1-3 John

John (epistles)

Eph

Ephesians

Jude

Jude

Phil

Philippians

Rev

Revelation

Col

Colossians

Abbreviations
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